Realizing the infeasibility of measuring the scope of cooperation in a continuous manner, 8 we asked the experts to rank-order all joint activities 9 in each industry based on the relative breadth of cooperation and to categorize those activities into different groups with varying levels of scope.
Based on this, we controlled for the effects of size and performance on firm value associated with global alliance formation. Moreover, firms are likely to achieve economies of scale and scope and reduce the risk of performing specific activities in different international locations through global alliances.
Consequently, the latter may have a greater opportunity to improve and upgrade its resources by gaining access to and acquiring more unique resources from the former than vice versa. Further, for each of the remaining firms, we checked whether a firm made any other announcement such as an earnings report through the public media during the five days centered around the alliance announcement.
The partner characteristics are relative size, relative performance, and the number of global alliances entered. Finally, the number of partners in a global alliance does not appear to have a significant impact on firm value. Specifically, we propose that the scope of cooperation, equity holdings in partner firms, and cultural similarity will have positive relationships with value creation for firms entering a global alliance, that the number of partner firms will have no association with value creation, and that all three partner characteristics will have negative relationships with value creation.
The Free Press Second, equity holdings in partner firms were estimated as positive and significant in three out of four models. The two authors made independent lists of all joint activities involved in each alliance 7compared the two lists, and made corrections when there were discrepancies in identified joint activities in each alliance.
Manuscript received Augustrevised June First, an increase in the number of alliances will precipitate burdens on management.
Number of Partner Firms It is likely that an increase in the number of partners in a global alliance will enhance the benefits of the alliance. Hence, it does not take into account other partner characteristics such as strategic orientation and real motives for alliance formation that cannot be easily obtained through secondary data sources.
You can help correct errors and omissions. Our results suggest that, to enhance firm value by entering global alliances, a firm should generally focus more on alliance and contextual characteristics than on partner characteristics.
This study has several important implications. This increased mutual understanding tends to enable the partners to communicate and coordinate with each other more effectively and efficiently, thus decreasing the transaction costs associated with the partnership.
Finally, by forming alliances, partner firms may run the risk of eroding their own competitive positions over time as their partners become more competitive through access to resources, capabilities, and markets afforded by the alliance.
This is because the success of the partnership can positively influence equity holdings in partner firms, which, in turn, can help build trust and goal congruence between partner firms DyerGulati Equity Holdings in Partner Firms Holding equity in partner firms means that one partner firm takes an equity position in another partner firm upon entering an alliance.
First, our findings related to cultural similarity may be generalizable only to the industries with characteristics similar to those of global network industries, where the location of hubs and extensive worldwide networks are crucial in coping with global competition.
The ranking of these groups within each industry was highly consistent across the two experts i. Scope of cooperation 2. Equity Holdings in Partner Firms Equity holdings in partner firms could not be measured as a continuous variable, since not all alliance announcements had information on the actual percentage or amount of equity holdings in partner firms.
Relative size was estimated as insignificant even at the 10 percent level. As Khanna, Gulati, and Nohria and Anand and Khanna argue, firms with such an agreement will thus have an opportunity to pool and share relatively more resources and skills and, at the same time, to achieve greater learning from the agreement.
Managers, Journal of International Business Studies, 24,pp. Consequently, investors may be indifferent in terms of their reactions to global alliance formation between an alliance with fewer partners and an alliance with more partners since an increase in partner number may not enhance the net benefits of such an alliance.
At the contextual level, cultural similarity between partner firms is found to have a weak and negative association with creating firm value.
Relative Size The relative size of each partner firm in our sample was measured as follows: With regard to theoretical implications, this study makes a significant contribution to the alliance literature in three ways.
Equity holdings in partner firms 3.Today, there are many conceptions involving creation of the company value, as it is the main objective for the owners. However, there are still many companies interested primarily in the different.
inputs, costs, value added), relations, criteria, indices, and determinants. The development and contemporary challenges of logistics point at a need of influence identification of: assumptions of logistics concept and implementation degree of logistics concept on business management.
2 US evidence on the determinants of combined M&A value creation is much larger. The joint abnormal return for target The joint abnormal return for target and bidder investors is higher in friendly deals (Servaes, ), if the target size is large relative to the bidder size (Houston. creation of additional value, or wealth, for the owner-entrepreneur or for a group of owners (shareholders) isone of themain objectives of en- trepreneurial activities.
gained value enhancements from M&As. Value creations and post-merger performances in America after Among literatures that analyze value creations from M&As in America afterKnapp et al. () find negative excess returns for shareholders in 80 large consolidations over Read "Identifying the determinants of value creation in the market, Journal of Business Research" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.Download