An overview of the battle of lexington and concord

The militias could inflict maximum casualties with least risk. When the smoke cleared, eight militiamen lay dead and nine were wounded, while only one Redcoat was injured. By the time the British arrived at the North Bridge, a force of almost colonial militiamen from Concord and the surrounding area had gathered on the high ground across the river.

Lexington and Concord

They decided to burn what little they found, and the fire got slightly out of control. Neither side expected to actually fight, but in the midst of the confusion a gunshot went off forcing the British to attack.

The Americans commenced their march in double file… In a minute or two, the Americans being in quick motion and within ten or fifteen rods of the bridge, a single gun was fired by a British soldier, which marked the way, passing under Col.

About militiamen had massed near the woods on Brooks hill further down the road from the bridge. The militias would ride ahead on horses, wait till the British came within range, fire and then disperse.

The British soldiers were called "regulars" or sometimes red coats because they wore red uniforms. The militias were scattered and were told to snipe and fire from a distance, to prevent the effective use of cannon.

Nevertheless, they proved they could stand up to one of the most powerful armies in the world. The only British casualty was a soldier who was wounded in the thigh.

The battle of Lexington and Concord had set off the American Revolution and independence was only a matter of time.

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

They were led by Captain John Parker. Colonel Smith, who was just arriving with the remainder of the regulars, heard the musket fire and rode forward from the grenadier column to see the action.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

The British troops fell back to the town. Jonathon Harrington, fatally wounded by a British musket ball, managed to crawl back to his home, and died on his own doorstep.

As the last of the British column marched over the narrow bridge, the British rear guard wheeled and fired a volley at the colonial militiamen, who had been firing irregularly and ineffectively from a distance but now had closed to within musket range.

Colonel Barrett eventually began to recover control. By the time the British reached Boston they had lost 73 men and were wounded. A few of the militiamen believed at first that the regulars were only firing powder with no ball, but when they realized the truth, few if any of the militia managed to load and return fire.

The militia strength at this point totaled men, against 95 of the British. When the British troops opened fire, the Minute Men responded with a volley of their own, killing three British soldiers and wounding nine others.

The withdrawal of the militia proved to be advantageous as their ranks were strengthened by minutemen companies from surrounding areas.

The troops sent there did not find any supplies of consequence. But as he was from a company different from the men under his command, only three soldiers obeyed him. When the British came across their dead and dying comrades, one of whom appeared to have been mutilated, they were shocked and furious at the turn of events.

The Americans continued to gain forces and continued to attack and harass the British during their retreat. We had a man of the 10th light Infantry wounded, nobody else was hurt. Shots had been fired, thousands of militiamen surrounded Boston, and the Americans felt they had pushed back the British giving them the courage to continue to unite and fight.

Confusion reigned as regulars retreating over the bridge tried to form up in the street-firing position of the other troops. Their retreat turned into a rout, however, as thousands of militiamen attacked the British column from all sides. Robinson, [73] then Capt. The British did suffer one casualty, a slight wound, the particulars of which were corroborated by a deposition made by Corporal John Munroe.

I was an eyewitness to the following facts. Hundreds of militiamen occupying the high ground outside of Concord incorrectly thought the whole town would be torched.

The advanced British guard, led by Lieutenant Jesse Adair, carried out a flanking movement to protect his flanks and surrounded the militia to disarm them. Warren dispatched two couriers, silversmith Paul Revere and tanner William Dawes, to alert residents of the news.

The Regulars would march to Concord, find nothing, and return to Boston, tired but empty-handed. Lieutenant Colonel Smith heard the exchange of fire and rushed reinforcements to help Captain Laurie and his men.

One wounded man, Prince Estabrookwas a black slave who was serving in the militia. But that did not stop the colonists from resuming their attack all the way through Menotomy now Arlington and Cambridge. Major Pitcairn arrived from the rear of the advance force and led his three companies to the left and halted them.The Battles of Lexington and Concord were actually the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.

They were fought on April 19,in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge, near Boston. Battle of Lexington and Concord History >> American Revolution The Battles of Lexington and Concord signaled the start of the American Revolutionary war on April 19, Battles of Lexington and Concord The Battles of Lexington and Concord marked the start of open conflict between thirteen Colonists and the British.

The battle took place on April 19th,in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay, near Boston. In this lesson, we will learn about why British colonists in Massachusetts began storing guns and ammunition leading to 'the shot heard round the world' - the battles of Lexington and Concord.

Dec 02,  · The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19,kicked off the American Revolutionary War (). Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and.

Learning practice - use what you know to answer questions about why the British were searching Concord and Lexington and what led the colonists to resist them Additional Learning.

You can learn more about this famous event in American history by reading the lesson titled Battles of Lexington & Concord Lesson for Kids: Summary & Facts.

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An overview of the battle of lexington and concord
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