An analysis of the aid to families with dependent children program

Aid to Families With Dependent Children (5180)

Their decisions, however, are heavily influenced by the federal TANF work participation rates WPRswhich are measured in accordance with detailed provisions of federal law; states that do not meet the work rates face a fiscal penalty. The law sets forth 12 categories of work activities that can count toward the work rates; the parameters for each activity are shaped by definitions set by federal rules that were established after TANF was reauthorized in States can use TANF funds beyond the core welfare reform areas of providing a safety net and connecting families to work; some states use a substantial share of funding for these other services and programs, some of which include families who are not low income.

As noted above, states must spend state funds on programs for needy families as a condition of receiving the full federal TANF block grant. We agree that the seed money and additional incentives could have some effect in inducing counties to take administrative actions that would reduce grant costs; but in our judgement, the ability of counties to achieve significant grant reductions by operating more efficiently is rather limited.

This would require a federal waiver.

We discuss the proposal in detail in our companion volume, The Budget: While a state may choose to allow a family to participate in activities that do not count toward the federal work rates and can spend federal or state TANF funds to support activities that do not count toward the rates, states usually focus their work programs on activities that will count toward the work rates.

Current law provides for a monthly special needs payment to all pregnant women who are receiving AFDC. The amount states are required to spend at the 80 percent level in is about half of the amount they spent on AFDC-related programs inafter adjusting for inflation.

This is a decrease of 10 percent 57 percent General Fund below estimated expenditures for the current year.

The Budget Act assumed that the 2. A few states continue benefits to the children in a family even after the parent reaches the time limit. Nine of these 12 categories are core categories that can count toward any hours of participation; participation in the three non-core categories can only count if the individual also participates in core activities for at least 20 hours per week 30 hours for two-parent families.

Increasing the Percentage of Recipients Who Work. It is therefore important, in assessing the impact of the budget proposal, to consider the extent to which AFDC recipients can obtain employment given their education levels and employment experience.

In addition, recipients who worked were likely to weigh the possible loss of Medi-Cal benefits after a transition period if they lost AFDC eligibility. The nine core activities are: Assuming the current-year 2. The additional 15 percent reduction would occur after a family 1 has been on assistance for more than 6 months or 2 went off aid after 6 months and returned to the program within 24 months.

The reduction would be effective September 1, States must require recipients to engage in work activities and must impose sanctions by reducing or terminating benefits if an individual does not meet the requirements. States can use state MOE funds to provide benefits to recent immigrants who are subject to the five-year bar, but fewer than half do so.

Increasing the Work Incentive. An independent evaluation of the GAIN Program found it to be the most successful welfare to work program ever studied, both from the standpoint of increasing earnings for long-term AFDC recipients as well as from a cost-benefit perspective.

States must require a recipient to engage in work activities and must impose sanctions by reducing or terminating benefits if the individual does not meet the requirements. The department estimates thatable-bodied adult AFDC recipients will be subject to the two-year limit upon implementation of the proposal.

In presenting his proposals, the Governor has offered several reasons why these changes are needed, including 1 the need to promote personal responsibility, 2 the need to reinforce the premise that AFDC is a temporary program, and 3 the need to make work an attractive alternative to AFDC.

The purpose of this payment is to ensure that these women have adequate resources to support their nutritional and other health needs arising from the pregnancy.

However, benefit levels are low and do not provide enough money to families to enable them to meet their basic needs. The budget assumes any AFDC grant savings would be completely offset by child care costs. The department anticipates that implementation of this policy will begin in Marchpending approval of a federal waiver request.

Most of these savings would result from a 7. Proposal to Limit Eligibility to Two Years. Pregnancy Benefits Reduced by One-Third. In Augusta state superior court ruled in Welch v. This program requirement is optional under the federal Family Support Act of and would not require any federal approval other than acceptance of an amended state plan.

Anderson that the 2.

Policy Basics: An Introduction to TANF

Chapter requires adult recipients who have been on AFDC for two years from the date of their GAIN assessment to participate in a work preparation assignment, if made available by the county, unless the recipient is already working at least 15 hours per week.

It is impossible to predict with accuracy, however, the degree to which these proposals will induce more AFDC recipients to work.

A state can set different eligibility limits for different TANF programs or services; for example, it can limit TANF cash assistance to very poor families while providing TANF-funded child care or transportation assistance to working families with somewhat higher incomes.

The grant reductions proposed by the Governor would reduce the resources available to many families. Chapter expanded eligibility for transitional child care and health benefits to include families who are no longer eligible for AFDC due to marriage.

Recipients affected by the work requirement include those adults required to enroll in GAIN who have had an opportunity to complete training and education.Start studying HIT HC Reimbursement CH 4.

Aid to Families with Dependent Children

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Which government sponsored program replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in ? Which program replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)?.

AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) is a program administered and funded by Federal and State goverments to provide financial assistance to needy families. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) was a federal assistance program in effect from to created by the Social Security Act (SSA) and administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provided financial assistance to children whose families had low or no income.

Because TANF’s goals are so broad, states have used their TANF funds for a variety of services and supports, including: income assistance (including wage supplements for working-poor families), child care, education and job training, transportation, aid to children at risk of abuse and neglect, and a variety of other services to help low.

Adding the estimated number of families on emergency relief rolls who would probably be eligible for aid to dependent children under existing State laws, to thefamilies now receiving assistance under the system of aid to dependent children, gives a total offamilies, or, for estimate purposes, a round number ofInthe Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children Program (AFDC) program, as part of federal welfare reform.

Among other changes, welfare is no longer an entitlement, and adult recipients in most cases are required to work at least part-time or participate in work .

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An analysis of the aid to families with dependent children program
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